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Never, ever touch a downed power line or go near one. Power lines are not insulated like power cords. Always assume the power line is live.

• Don't touch a fallen power line or anything touching the wire.

• Do not touch anything or anyone in contact with a fallen power line or other equipment.

• Keep children and pets away from fallen electric wires.

• Do not drive over a fallen power line.

• Call 911 immediately to report a fallen power line.

What to do if a power line touches your car:

If your vehicle comes in contact with a downed power line

• Stay inside! The safest place is in your car. The ground around your car may be energized.

• Honk the horn, roll down your window and yell for help.

• Warn others to stay away. Anyone who touches the equipment or ground around the vehicle may be injured.

• Use your mobile phone to call 911.

• Fire department, police and PG&E workers will tell you when it is safe to get out of the vehicle.

If there is a fire and you have to exit a vehicle that has come in contact with downed power lines

• Remove loose items of clothing.

• Keep your hands at your sides and jump clear of the vehicle, so you are not touching the car when your feet hit the ground.

• Keep both feet close together and shuffle away from the vehicle without picking up your feet.

Safety - Articles & Info


May 1, 2012 – Skin cancer is a lifestyle disease, affecting young women, older men and everyone in between. One in five Americans will develop skin cancer in the course of a lifetime; 13 million Americans are living with a history of nonmelanoma skin cancer, and nearly 800,000 Americans are living with a history of melanoma, the most dangerous form of skin cancer.

But there is good news: because skin cancer is chiefly lifestyle disease, it is also highly preventable.

"About 90 percent of nonmelanoma skin cancers and 65 percent of melanoma cases are associated with exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun," says Perry Robins, MD, and President of The Skin Cancer Foundation. "Everyone, regardless of skin color, should make staying safe in the sun a priority and incorporate sun protection measures into their daily life."

Reduce Your Skin Cancer Risk:

1. Seek the shade, especially between 10 AM and 4 PM when the sun is strongest. An extra rule of thumb is the "shadow rule." If your shadow is shorter than you are, the sun's harmful UV radiation is stronger; if your shadow is longer, UV radiation is less intense.

2. Do not burn. A person's risk for melanoma doubles if he or she has had five or more sunburns at any point in life.

3. Avoid tanning and UV tanning booths. UV radiation from tanning machines is known to cause cancer in humans, and the more time a person has spent tanning indoors, the higher the risk. Those who make just four visits to a tanning salon per year can increase their risk for melanoma by 11 percent, and their risk for the two most common forms of skin cancer, basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, by 15 percent.

4. Cover up with clothing, including a broad-brimmed hat and UV-blocking sunglasses. Clothing can be your most effective form of sun protection, so make the most of it with densely woven and bright-or dark-colored fabrics, which offer the best defense. The more skin you cover, the better, so choose long sleeves and long pants whenever possible.

5. Use a broad spectrum (UVA/UVB) sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher every day. For extended outdoor activity, use a water-resistant, broad spectrum (UVA/UVB) sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher.

6. Apply 1 ounce (2 tablespoons) of sunscreen to your entire body 30 minutes before going outside. Reapply every two hours or immediately after swimming or excessive sweating.

7. Keep newborns out of the sun. Sunscreens may be used on babies over the age of six months, but they should also be protected by shade and clothing. Children are very sensitive to ultraviolet radiation— just one severe sunburn in childhood doubles the chances of developing melanoma later in life.

8. Examine your skin head-to-toe every month. While self-exams shouldn't replace the important annual skin exam performed by a physician, they offer the best chance of detecting the early warning signs of skin cancer. If you notice any change in an existing mole or discover a new one that looks suspicious, see a physician immediately.

Safety - Articles & Info


WASHINGTON (AP) — Biofuels made from the leftovers of harvested corn plants are worse than gasoline for global warming in the short term, a study shows, challenging the Obama administration's conclusions that they are a much cleaner oil alternative and will help combat climate change.

A $500,000 study paid for by the federal government and released Sunday in the peer-reviewed journal Nature Climate Change concludes that biofuels made with corn residue release 7 percent more greenhouse gases in the early years compared with conventional gasoline.

While biofuels are better in the long run, the study says they won't meet a standard set in a 2007 energy law to qualify as renewable fuel.

The conclusions deal a blow to what are known as cellulosic biofuels, which have received more than a billion dollars in federal support but have struggled to meet volume targets mandated by law. About half of the initial market in cellulosics is expected to be derived from corn residue.

The biofuel industry and administration officials immediately criticized the research as flawed. They said it was too simplistic in its analysis of carbon loss from soil, which can vary over a single field, and vastly overestimated how much residue farmers actually would remove once the market gets underway.

"The core analysis depicts an extreme scenario that no responsible farmer or business would ever employ because it would ruin both the land and the long-term supply of feedstock. It makes no agronomic or business sense," said Jan Koninckx, global business director for biorefineries at DuPont.



Safety - Articles & Info



Accident Type:  Flash fire from crude oil vapors

Weather Conditions: Clear, sales nurse sunny

Type of Operation: Oil well servicing/Production

Size of Work Crew: 3

Worksite Inspection Conducted by Employer: No

Competent Safety Monitoring on Site: No

Safety and Health Program In Effect: Minimal

Training and Education for Employees: Minimal

Job Title of Deceased Employee: Laborer

Age/Sex of Deceased Employee: 26/M

Time on Job: 1 day

Time at Task: 2 hours

Short Service Employee (<1 Year): Yes

Time Employed: 2 months

Brief Description of Accident

Three employees were working on a leaking crude oil flow line that connected a production well to its tank battery. They dug a trench to access the leaking flow line and cut out a 6-ft. long section from the pipe using a cold cutter. Two of the employees attempted to thread the cut on the flow line with a manual pipe-threading machine (threader) but the dies on the threader were dull. Therefore, shop the workers asked the office to have new dies for the machine delivered to the site. Instead of installing the new dies in the manual pipe threader that was used earlier, remedy the dies were installed in an electric pipe threader.


1. Perform job hazard analyses (JHAs) prior to beginning work to determine potential hazards of the job and their controls such as leaking flammable vapors from equipment that had previously contained hydrocarbons, control of ignition sources, working in excavations, and lockout/tagout.

2. Do not use electrical tools and equipment that are not approved for the hazardous location where the work is to be performed, i.e., do not allow unapproved electrical tools and equipment to be an ignition source for flammable vapors.

3. Develop and implement a hot work permitting program that includes atmospheric monitoring for concentrations of flammable vapors and provide ventilation to limit the concentration of flammable vapors to below 10% of their LEL.

4. Provide and require the use of flame-resistant clothing (FRC) for workers who are exposed to flash-fire hazards.

5. Provide workers training emphasizing the following:

    a. Hazards related to working with piping and other equipment that has contained hydrocarbons;

    b. The use of electrically approved tools and equipment for locations where flammable vapors might be present, i.e., hazardous          atmospheres; and

    c. Hazards of working in trenches, for example, engulfment hazards and fire/explosion hazards due to the fact that flammable vapors accumulate and do not readily dissipate from trenches and other low-lying areas.

Note: The described case was selected as being representative of improper work practices, which likely contributed to a fatality from an accident. The accident prevention recommendations do not necessarily reflect the outcome of any legal aspects of the incident case. OSHA encourages your company or organization to duplicate and share this information.


Safety - Articles & Info


WS 2009-03

Several workers in a vault below a bridge could have been poisoned by carbon monoxide (CO) from gas-powered tools they were using in the confined space. The air monitoring equipment being used to check for toxic gases could not sound an alarm if CO reached dangerous levels because there was no CO sensor in the instrument.

Gas monitoring instruments are designed to protect workers from unseen workplace hazards. Exposure to toxic gases or an oxygen-deficient atmosphere can cause serious illness and even death.

Gas monitors must be used whenever practicable to ensure the safety of workers in confined spaces. These monitors typically provide continuous readings of the oxygen level and any explosive gases or vapors, sildenafil or other harmful gases, advice that may be present (for example, CO). If the concentration of any of these gases exceeds preset limits an alarm will sound, warning workers to leave the confined space.

How do I know if toxic gases are present?

A qualified person must identify the hazards of a confined space. Any toxic gases likely to be present will depend on the nature of the space (for example, hydrogen sulfide in a sump) and the work activities taking place within the space (for example, painting, welding, or the use of gas-powered tools).

Who is a qualified person?

A qualified person is a professional who has experience and training in recognizing hazards in confined spaces, evaluating and controlling those hazards, and using monitoring equipment. A qualified person includes any of the following:

• Certified industrial hygienist (CIH)

• Registered occupational hygienist (ROH)

• Certified safety professional (CSP)

• Canadian registered safety professional (CRSP)

• Professional engineer (PEng)


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